Peru Travel Guide

Lima

Lima is the capital of Peru and its largest city. Founded in 1535 by the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro, the modern city is a curious mix of the modern mega city with some 'islands of modernity', large but orderly slum areas and colonial architecture in the city center.
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Ica

Ica boasts characteristic dunes and a vast desert etched with enigmatic figures, the Nasca Lines, transformed into fertile fields by ancient cultures: The Paracas and the Nasca.
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Ballestas Islands

The islands were originally known for producing the agricultural fertilizer "guano", bird manure. When exploitation started, the islands were covered by layers of 20 - 70m of bird droppings.
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Nasca

The city receives its name from the Nasca culture that occupied the area between 100 BC and 800 AD, responsible for constructing underground aqueducts that are still used today as well as the famous Nasca Lines.
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Arequipa

Arequipa is the colonial-era capital of Peru’s Arequipa Region. Framed by 3 volcanoes, it's filled with baroque buildings constructed from sillar, a white volcanic stone.
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Colca Canyon

The Colca Valley is a colorful Andean valley with towns founded in Spanish Colonial times and formerly inhabited by the Collaguas and the Cabanas.
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Puno

Puno is located on the Andean plateau and dominated by the presence of Lake Titicaca, a sacred place for the Incas with both natural and artificial islands, as well as pre-Hispanic archaeological sites with circular constructions known as chullpas.
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Titicaca Lake

An important lake in Andean mythology, from which, according to legend, Manco Cápac and Mama Ocllo, children of the Sun god and founders of the Inca Empire, emerged.
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Cusco

Situated in the Peruvian Andes, Cuzco developed, under the Inca ruler Pachacutec, into a complex urban centre with distinct religious and administrative functions.
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Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu stands 2,430 m above sea-level, in the middle of a tropical mountain forest, in an extraordinarily beautiful setting.
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Sacred Valley

This valley was appreciated by the Incas because of its special geographical and climatic qualities. It was one of the main production sites for the richness of their land and place where it produces the best maize in Peru.
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Manu National Park

Manu National Park is a globally renowned haven of terrestrial biodiversity at the meeting point of the Tropical Andes and the Amazon Basin in Southwestern Peru.
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